The epic glossary
Apse, loophole, machicolation… maybe you have already heard of some of these words… But do you know what they mean?
a round, polygonal or flat construction forming the extremity of the choir in many churches.
small apse built around the main apse or on the transept arms of a church.
a soldier armed with a bow.
a narrow opening in the walls of a fortified castle or fortress for firing with bow and arrow or crossbow against assailants.
in the Catholic faith, a bishop in charge of an ecclesiastic province.
To have brushes with
to be in conflict or in disagreement with someone.
a group of soldiers fighting on horseback.
fortified lordly residence, defended by ramparts, towers and ditches.
a passageway running along the top of an enclosure wall and protected by a ‘parapet’. It enables soldiers to walk round the rampart for surveillance purposes or during combat.
To wrangle with
to fight or quarrel with.
in religious architecture, the part of a church that extends beyond the nave.
being of the same blood, from the same family.
a masonry feature protruding from a wall and aimed at reinforcing it.
a notch between two merlons on the top of a rampart or tower used for defensive purposes.
part of a church, often underground, in which saintly relics are placed.
a gallery around the choir of a church for strolling.
the territory belonging to a duke.
the main tower of a fortified castle. It can be centrally located or part of the rampart. The keep is the ultimate refuge and is often used as the lord’s living quarters. It is a powerful symbol of seigniorial domination.
to carry triumphantly at the height of a man’s shoulder. Metaphorically here, to designate as king.
in this context, the breaking of an oath.
to disregard, despise.
to show your disrespect for someone.
To give one’s word
to swear to.
a person who is disloyal to his lord.
a group of ships sailing together and involved in the same operations.
a deep trench with steep sides used as a defensive feature around a castle.
said of a slyly, hypocritical person who pretends to be honest.
a dishonest or immoral person.
the person who receives all or part of the goods belonging to a deceased person.
a wooden grid, often reinforced with iron, the base of which is armed with sharp points, which slides vertically at the entrance to a fortified castle to stop anyone entering.
elite foot soldiers forming the Anglo-Saxon kings’ personal guard.
being born out of wedlock.
leaving the outcome of a conflict in the hands of God’s judgment is considered as a fair and infallible way of proving one’s good will, since it is generally acknowledged that God will always let the innocent triumph.
the central part of a church stretching from the portal to the choir.
To meet with one’s fate
a voyage of devotion towards a saintly place.
said of a person who has been divest of Catholic communion as a punishment.
Has two purposes:
1- lowered, it offers a passageway over a ditch or a moat
2- raised, it protects the castle entrance.
a covered area in front of the entrance to a building.
the remains of the body of a martyr or a saint, or a cult object associated with his/her life.
a large, circular stained glass window with carved stone tracery.
name given to the Pope by Catholics.
a dishonest or immoral person.
in the feudal system, refers to the domain belonging to a lord or a noble person.
Under the aegis of
under the protection of.
a construction that is higher than it is large and generally used for defensive purposes. It can also be of varying shapes: quadrangular, polygonal, circular.
extremely attached to custom and tradition.
in churches in the form of a Latin cross, the part of the building which stands perpendicular to the nave.
in the feudal system, a man who has a personal link with a lord, his suzerain, who endows him with a fief (in the form of land or money), in exchange for a number of services.
arched architectural feature in stone or concrete, used to cover an area and supported by walls or columns.